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Accessibility in UX/UI Design

Accessibility in UI and UX Design

The backbone of UX/UI design is clear; it all lies in creating designs that improve User Experience (UX) and promote accessibility during each phase, prioritizing that all users can use your products without problems. When combining these two items, you must know it goes beyond solely using font sizes and color combinations. Accessible designs must consider a wide range of disability types that impaired users can have, such as auditory, physical, cognitive disabilities, speech, or visual impairments.

In this blog post, you'll learn basic concepts about it and how to build inclusive designs, also known as universal designs, to reach the biggest number of users possible and cultivate an extensive user base. Without further ado, let's continue making the digital interfaces more inclusive experiences for everyone.

What is Accessibility in UX/UI Design?

Accessibility in UX/UI Design refers to creating digital products (websites, applications, software, etc.) that can be used by the widest range of people, regardless of their abilities or disabilities. You should consider it during your design process to ensure everyone can benefit from a product or service. 

Before integrating it into UX/UI designs, it is important to understand the different types of disabilities. First, permanent disabilities are long-term conditions that are unlikely to disappear, such as color blindness, deafness, or users with impairments or cognitive impairments. Secondly, temporary situations are when someone is recovering from an injury, such as a broken wrist, which may compromise tactile interaction or blurry vision after eye surgery. Finally, situational disabilities are caused by a specific situation, such as carrying many things and not being able to use both hands to open a door or being at the beach with bright sunlight, making it hard to read a screen.

How to Ensure Accessibility in UX/UI Design?

Accessibility requirements are vital elements that focus on meeting the needs of a wider audience, regardless of their abilities. As a designer, you must prioritize accessibility and make designs welcoming to everyone, and you'll be working on user satisfaction. Here, you can find tips and techniques to improve accessibility in UX/UI Design. 

1. WCAG: Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) provides a comprehensive set of guidelines to guarantee digital content is accessible to everyone. It encapsulates many disabilities, including visual, auditory, cognitive, and motor impairments. It's important to acquaint oneself with these guidelines and implement them in your designs, as they cover elements such as color contrast, keyboard navigation, text alternatives for non-text content, etc. 

2. Typography: Typography is one of the most important elements in accessibility. Hence, you must select fonts that are easily readable and have a size adaptable to users with visual impairments. Guaranteeing the perfect contrast between the text and background color to maintain good readability for low-vision users. 

3. Keyboard: Make sure your design is fully functional and navigable for keyboard-only users, enabling users to move through interactive elements in a logical order and activate them with the "Enter" key. 

4. Labels:When you design forms and input fields, you should use descriptive labels that offer clear instructions to your target audience. For example, you should avoid placeholders that disappear when users start typing. They can be confusing for screen reader users. In this case, it's necessary to establish context and clarity in form fields to encourage accessibility. 

5. Alt Texts: For users with visual impairments, integrating alternative text for images (Alt text) is essential to understanding the content corresponding to images. In this case, users use this alternative text to clearly describe pictures, specifically those who cannot see them well, for example, those with limited colour vision. The main purpose is to create messages with great relevance and readability to users to generate a good connection between their meaning and the image. Alt Text is also crucial for Search Engine Optimization (SEO), so don't diminish its importance, as it can help position your website. Additionally, Google has given more importance to accessibility as a crucial factor in positioning your website within the first search results. The next quote is a clear statement of this.

6. Captions: Including subtitles and transcriptions when integrating videos and media content is important to ensure users with auditory disabilities can understand the information. Likewise, the subtitles benefit users in noisy environments or those who prefer to consume content without audio. 

7. Consistency: Consistent and straightforward User Interfaces (UIs) enhance accessibility by making it easier for users with different ability levels to predict and comprehend interactions. For this reason, you should use familiar patterns for navigation and controls to appreciate a seamless experience.

8. Testing: This part is one of the most important when it comes to accessibility. You must conduct Usability Testing supported by real users representing different abilities to gain feedback on how they interact with your design. After collecting the comments phase, you must iterate the accessibility according to their experiences. 

9. Education: It's important to focus on keeping your design accessible. You must promote accessibility awareness among your design and development teams, encourage ongoing education on accessibility tips, and foster a culture of inclusion in your organization.

Accessibility Trends for 2024

In our digital world, focusing on the accessibility features of digital spaces is not just about following rules, but it's key to being inclusive and ethical in business. As we use technology more, it's important to keep up with assistive technology and accessibility trends. Here are the top five trends shaping the future of digital inclusivity.

Machine Learning and AI. Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) are changing how we handle digital access. They're getting better at determining what users, especially those with disabilities, need. They're making digital platforms easier to use with predictive text and voice recognition tools that understand different speaking methods.

Virtual and Augmented Reality. VR and AR are opening new ways to create immersive and accessible experiences. These technologies can mimic real-world settings and offer interactive experiences that are accessible and fun for users with disabilities.

Mobile Accessibility. As more people use mobile devices, making mobile apps and websites accessible is very important. This trend encourages developers to create mobile designs that are easy to use for people with different disabilities, like visual, hearing, and motor impairments.

Inclusive Design. Inclusive design is now a key part of the process, not just an extra thought. This method means thinking about all types of people from the start, making sure digital products and services can be used and are helpful for as many people as possible. It's about creating a digital world where everyone has the same access.

Rules and Standards. There's more focus on following laws about digital accessibility. With rules like the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG), organizations must ensure everyone can use their digital stuff. This trend is making people use stricter accessibility standards in digital design.


By adhering to the mentioned design principles, such as WCAG, you can create welcoming and inclusive digital experiences not only for people with disabilities but for all users. Likewise, having accessibility in mind not only benefits users with disabilities but also enhances usability and engagement for a broader audience. In the dynamic design world, purpose of accessibility arises as a vital aspect that empowers designers to create interfaces that break down barriers and deliver inclusive User Experiences to every user, regardless of their abilities.