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Product Strategy vs Business Strategy

Business Strategy vs Product Strategy

Have you ever wondered what's the difference between Product and Business Strategy? Is one of them more important than the other? This blog post will give you an in-depth look into Product and Business Strategy. We'll dive into what they are, why they're essential, and how to get started. You'll learn their differences to clear the confusion!

Product Strategy vs Business Strategy

What is Product Strategy?

A Product Strategy is a detailed plan that sets up a product's vision, company goals, and value. It covers the company's plans to introduce and develop successful products. It includes the go-to-market strategy, investment areas, and product success measures. As well as how the product will benefit the customers and the target market. A Product Strategy is a plan for creating new products that explains why the product team is working on them. It's written down and matches the goals of the Business Strategy.

How to Create a Product Strategy?

While each strategy can differ regarding the prior mentioned vital points, we can summarize the essential elements to create a compelling Product Strategy in six items. 

The first, arguably the most important, is understanding your customers deeply. All product strategies' success depends on empathy for users' needs! You'll also need a well-defined product vision: start with the whys of your organization or project. As mentioned above, you'll also have to find your product's unique selling point and identify what makes it stand out.

Don't hesitate to collaborate with different team members and stakeholders! Work with others so everyone reaches a ground point, fully agreeing on the final strategy. All opinions are equally important! This approach will allow you to test and adjust, continuously gathering feedback and changing your method. Last but not least, make an executive plan.  Create a detailed plan for how you will implement your Product Strategy.

You may wonder: why are Product Strategies important? Well, effective product strategies are essential for several reasons! In the first place, it brings clarity to your company. A clear and well-thought-out plan empowers your team to perform at their best. Further, it helps you focus on the right items on your product roadmap, using your time and resources effectively. And also, it can guide intelligent decision-making when and if things change!

Key Elements of Product Strategy

PN expert Roman Pilcher suggests a Product Strategy should include these essential elements.

1. Market and Needs: This element focuses on addressing the market, and the specific needs the product will solve. Here, it's crucial to identify the product's users and understand their needs. It should solve a particular problem or provide a benefit for these customers.

2. Unique Selling Proposition: What makes the product stand out from its competitors? These are the product's key differentiators or Value Propositions. It could be a unique feature, a better User Esperience, or a lower price point. The key selling points must persuade customers to choose this product over competitors.

3. Business Goals: How will the product benefit the company? You can focus on revenue generation, other products selling, or brand equity growth. In all scenarios, the business goals should be clear and measurable to check the product's success.

Product Strategy vs Business Strategy

What is a Business Strategy?

A Business Strategy is a plan for reaching a company's specific objectives. It requires grasping the business's goals, needs, and desires. Moreover, it aligns stakeholders and creates a framework for working together.

How to Create a Business Strategy?

According to Harvard Business School Online, we can define six steps for business strategies

It all starts by defining your purpose. What are your organization's goals? Of course, to answer that question, you'll need to assess your market opportunities and what the competitive landscape looks like. You'll also need to analyze your value creation; for instance, you can do it with the value stick framework!

All the prior will foster the narrowing of a strategic position. Based on all those analyses, you should be able to define where you're at and how to reach where you want to be. As a result, you can set strategic priorities and create a detailed action plan for executing the strategy.

Like with Product Strategies, we should ask, why are these important? First, it provides a clear vision and direction for an entire organization. A well-defined strategy helps prevent losing sight of the company’s goals. Also, it allows an organization to divide its resources better and achieve its goals faster. And most importantly, it can give an organization a competitive advantage. A strong Business Strategy helps a company stand out and succeed in the marketplace!

Key Elements of Business Strategy

This strategy sets business objectives for competitive advantage and long-term success. It typically consists of four key components: vision, mission, objectives, and tactics.

1. Vision: It’s the ultimate purpose and direction of the company. It defines its identity and values. A vision statement should be clear, inspiring, and aspirational. It should communicate what the company wants to achieve.

2. Mission: The specific and measurable way the company will pursue its vision reflects its core competencies and competitive edge. A mission statement should be concise, realistic, and focused. It should describe what the company does, for whom, and how.

3. Objectives: These are the quantifiable goals the company sets for its progress. Objectives should be SMART goals: Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, and Time-bound. They should also align with the company's values and stakeholder expectations.

4. Tactics: The company uses these actions and resources to tool its objectives. These are its products, services, technologies, etc. They must be flexible, adaptable, and innovative and consider the external environment and competitive forces.

Business Strategy vs Product Strategy

Product Strategy Business Strategy
Definition A high-level plan that defines the vision, goals, and value proposition of a product. A plan for reaching specific objectives that a company or entrepreneur sets.
Focus The product and its target customers and market. The company as a whole and its stakeholders.
Purpose Guiding the product developent and communicating its value to users. Guiding the allocation of resources and set priorities for the company.
Interactions Aligning with the business strategy and goals. Setting the direction for such as product and marketing strategies.


Understanding the difference between Product and Business Strategy is crucial for any business. A strong product strategy involves developing products or services based on customers' needs. It's about creating customer value and building a competitive advantage in the market landscape. On the other hand, Business Strategy is more about the direction and goals of the company. It includes various activities, including marketing, operations, finance, and HR. By aligning both, companies can create a strong competitive advantage that drives growth. We hope this article has helped you acknowledge their differences and focuses!