Back to Blog

Jest vs Vitest Testing Frameworks

Testing Frameworks: Jest vs Vitest

Testing frameworks enable developers to run code tests, ensuring correct functioning and meeting required specifications. Yet, with the amount of available resources, choosing the right testing framework for your project can be challenging. That's why this blog post will compare two of the most powerful testing frameworks currently available: Jest and Vitest. Let's dive into the two of them so next time, you can choose wisely!

What is a Testing Framework?

Testing frameworks are tools that make testing easier for developers. They help them write and run test cases, and generate reports. That ensures that all parts of the code are tested, minimizing the chance of undiscovered bugs.

By automating tests, developers can run their code more frequently and catch errors early on, reducing the cost and effort required to fix them later. This way, testing frameworks enable faster development cycles and more reliable software. Testing frameworks also provide a standardized approach to testing, making it easier for developers to collaborate and share test cases, like unit tests, integration tests, and more. That promotes code quality and consistency across teams, ensuring everyone is on the same page regarding testing practices.

Testing Frameworks Features

Easy Setup. The unit testing framework should have a simple setup process so developers can start writing tests immediately.
Strong Assertions. The framework should offer a wide range of ways to check that the code behaves as expected and to compare expected and actual results.
Mocking. Creating mock versions of external dependencies is important for isolating code and testing specific functions effectively.
Test Coverage. A good testing framework should generate useful reports on test coverage so that developers can find areas of the code that need more testing.

What is Jest?

Let's begin by introducing Jest, a widely used testing framework developed by Facebook. Jest focuses on simplicity and ease of use. It allows fast feedback on code changes, providing a delightful testing experience.

When testing JavaScript applications, Jest is a name that stands out. It is an Open-Source testing framework that utilizes JavaScript's ability to mock functions and handle asynchronous code. With Jest, developers can write tests that are not only efficient but also maintainable.

Jest offers a wide range of features that make testing a breeze. One of its standout features is its ability to run complex tests in parallel, significantly improving the entire test execution time. Another impressive feature of Jest is its seamless integration with popular JavaScript libraries and frameworks like React.

Jest Core Features

1. Zero Configuration. Jest requires minimal configuration, making setting up and writing tests effortless. Developers can focus on writing tests instead of spending time with coverage on complex setup processes.

2. Snapshot Testing. With Jest, developers can easily create and compare snapshots of their components, ensuring consistent rendering. This feature allows for easy detection of unintended changes in the User Interface (UI), helping to catch potential bugs early on.

3. Code Coverage. Jest provides detailed code coverage reports, highlighting areas requiring additional testing. It helps developers identify gaps in their test suite and ensures that all parts of the codebase are thoroughly tested.

4. Mocking Capabilities. Jest offers built-in support for mocking capabilities, allowing developers to replace external dependencies with mocked versions for isolated testing. This feature enables developers to test their code in isolation without worrying of external dependencies behavior.

Pros of Jest

Intuitive. You can write your tests using the expect and describe functions and use matchers to verify the results. Jest also has a rich set of assertions and utilities, such as asynchronous operations, exceptions, timers, and promises.
● Performance
. Jest runs tests in parallel and isolates them from each other, which reduces the chances of interference and flakiness. Jest also uses a caching system that optimizes the test execution and avoids unnecessary work.
Integrations. Its seamless integration with React and other JavaScript testing libraries makes it popular for testing JavaScript applications.

Cons of Jest

Memory Footprint. Jest’s parallel component testing and caching features come at the cost of high CPU and RAM usage, affecting your system’s performance and stability.
Debugging. Jest does not provide a built-in debugger, and you must use external tools, such as Node Inspector, Chrome DevTools, or VS Code, to debug your tests. It also does not have good support for source maps, making it hard to trace the errors and stack traces back to your original code.
Performance. While Jest performs well for small and medium-sized test suites, its performance may decrease when handling larger ones.

What is Vitest?

Vitest is a testing framework that aims to enable developers to write unit tests, integration tests, and component tests. This feature simplifies and speeds up the testing process for JavaScript code. It was created by Evan You, the creator of Vue, and inspired by Jest. Vitest uses Vite as its core infrastructure, which means it can take advantage of Vite’s features.

Vitest supports a range of testing styles, including Behavior-Driven Development (BDD) and Test-Driven Development (TDD), allowing developers to choose the best approach.

One of the key advantages of Vitest is its ability to integrate seamlessly with various Continuous Integration (CI) tools. This integration allows developers to automate their testing process, ensuring that every code change is thoroughly tested before deployment. Whether you use Jenkins, Travis CI, or any other CI tool, Vitest covers you.

Vitest Core Features

1. Extensibility. Vitest's modular architecture allows developers to extend its functionality using custom plugins and extensions. That means you can tailor Vitest to suit your testing tool needs, making it a highly flexible and customizable unit test framework.

2. Language Support. It supports a wide range of programming languages, enabling developers to test code written in different languages within a single testing framework. Whether you're working with JavaScript, Python, Java, or any other language, Vitest has the tools to ensure your code is thoroughly tested. Additionally, it was designed with a Jest-compatible API to make migrations from Jest easier.

3. IDEs Integration. This framework integrates with popular Integrated Development Environments (IDEs) like Visual Studio Code, Eclipse, and IntelliJ IDEA, enhancing developers' productivity. Vitest's IDE integration allows you to run tests directly from your development environment, making the common testing process more efficient and convenient.

Pros of Vitest

Speed. Vitest uses Vite's instant HMR and ESBuild bundler, facilitating module management. Some projects have reported faster test execution with Vitest than with other testing frameworks, making it a compelling alternative.
Setup. Vitest requires minimal setup, as it reuses Vite’s config and plugins. You don’t have to worry about setting up Babel, webpack, or other tools to test your code. It also supports out-of-the-box ESM, TypeScript, JSX, and other modern features so that you can write your tests the same way as your code.
Compatibility. Vitest aligns with the latest JavaScript development frameworks, practices, and ecosystem libraries, such as ES modules, TypeScript, and Vite. Vitest also supports Jest’s API, such as expect, snapshot, coverage, and more.

Cons of Vitest

Documentation. Vitest’s documentation is still incomplete and under development, so it may not cover all the features, options, or scenarios you need. Vitest’s documentation may also be outdated or inaccurate as the project evolves rapidly.
Dependence. It requires Vite as a dependency and works best with projects that use Vite. It is not yet stable or production-ready and may not support some features or edge cases that Jest or other frameworks do.
Community. Its community is still small and growing, so it may not have as many resources, tutorials, examples, or plugins as Jest or other frameworks.

Vitest vs Jest Testing Frameworks

Now that we've explored the individual features of Jest and Vitest let's compare them head-to-head.

Jest vs Vitest Performance

Jest and Vitest are both great options when it comes to testing. Jest is particularly efficient when executing tests, thanks to its ability to run tests in parallel. That means that Jest can handle large-scale test suites quickly and effectively by distributing test cases across multiple threads. As a result, Jest can complete the test suite in a fraction of the time compared to other testing frameworks.

On the other hand, Vitest's modular architecture allows developers to customize and optimize the testing environment. With Vitest, developers can break the testing process into smaller, manageable modules, enabling them to fine-tune the testing setup for optimal performance. By doing so, developers can achieve the best possible results for their specific needs.

Jest vs Vitest Ease of Use

Regarding ease of use, Jest shines with its zero-configuration setup and intuitive API. Developers can quickly start writing tests without the need for extensive configuration.

Jest's zero-configuration setup eliminates the need for developers to spend time configuring test runners, test frameworks, and other testing dependencies. That allows developers to focus on writing tests and delivering high-quality code.

While Vitest may require a bit more setup, its flexibility and extensive documentation make it user-friendly once developers become familiar with its features. Vitest provides developers with various configuration options, allowing them to tailor the testing environment to their specific project requirements.

Jest vs Vitest Community and Support

Both Jest and Vitest boast active communities and provide extensive documentation and resources. Jest benefits from being backed by Facebook, being the preferred choice of an extensive community of developers, and ensuring ongoing support.

The vibrant Jest community offers a wealth of knowledge and resources, including online forums, tutorials, and plugins developed by community members. This active community ensures that developers using Jest can access timely support and collaborate with other developers to solve challenges.

As an open-source project, Vitest benefits from community contributions and continuous improvement, providing developers with a reliable support network. The open-source nature of Vitest encourages developers to contribute to its development, share their experiences, and help each other overcome obstacles.


With its simplicity and React testing library integration, Jest is ideal for projects that require a robust and more stable ecosystem. On the other hand, Vitest's flexibility and language-agnostic approach make it an ideal choice for new and modern projects. Ultimately, the choice between Jest and Vitest will depend on your project and your team's specific needs and preferences.