Testing is one of the most important skills you can learn and hone as a software developer. It improves your code’s quality and makes the program much less likely to have bugs. On top of that, it’s very convenient to make refactoring possible, which improves code maintainability!
Few people emphasize the importance of testing when teaching software development. Yet, it’s a skill that can set you apart from other developers. Your critical thinking and reasoning skills will improve as you get used to testing code.
The vast world of software testing falls into two types: manual and automated. Yet, you might have also heard about unit, integration, and snapshot testing. This article will focus on Typescript unit testing frameworks to perform automated tasks. Let’s put it to the test!
Unit tests consider small units to ensure that everything does what you expect. What is critical here is that there must not be any communication between the unit and any other piece of code. So, the test mustn't connect to a database or receive simple API calls or any external dependencies. That allows you to address bugs in your application quickly. In this manner, unit testing improves your code's quality and maintainability. Testing separate files will also deepen your understanding of the app.
Now let's talk about why Typescript rocks when it comes to unit tests!
Jest requires zero configuration and can execute multiple tests in parallel. That streamlines the testing process to a large extent making it fast and smooth. That's why our stellar team of software developers loves working with it.
Vitest was a popular framework in 2022. It comes will all the great features and power of Jest, and it’s better suited for modern products. It includes workspace and out-of-the-box Typescript support. You can think of Vitest as an improved version of Jest. It even has Jest-compatible Snapshot along with Expect and coverage. Plus, Vitest makes migrating from Jest a straightforward process. Integrating it into a Vite project is also very straightforward.
This one goes for our UX/UI-savvies! Storybook strongly focuses on UI components in isolation, which is its main difference from Jest and Vitest. One of the most excellent features is its stunning visual interface. You can inspect and debug UI components without logic or app context interference. It's instrumental in a world with many user interfaces.
It has that name because it can save every subtle UI variation as a "story." You can access those stories and use them in development and testing. Storybooks help simplify the increasing complexity of web development. Plus, when it comes to Typescript, Storybook also provides a zero-configuration setup.
You probably know this one. Also, you may notice it has a more-complex setup compared to the previous frameworks. However, many developers love Mocha for multiple reasons. Mocha is a robust framework that allows you to work with an external assertion library, such as Chai. Moreover, tests run sequentially, offering more flexibility. Apart from that, it supports asynchronous testing and furthers Test-Driven Development. One last perk we can’t overlook is the stunning and accurate reports it provides. They come in handy when tracking test coverage and failing tests.
The reason why we love and recommend Jest so much is that it’s highly effective and popular. Since most developers already use it, you will likely need some familiarity when joining a project. Contrariwise, Vitest strongly focuses on cutting-edge products. Mocha and Storybook have unique features that may help guarantee top-notch quality. So, it may be a great idea to choose the unit testing tool, depending on the project requirements!